A Quantitative Geomorphological Analysis of Beach Sediments Along the Kanthi Coast of West Bengal and Odisha, India
Keywords:Beach Profile, Grain Size, Sedimentary Geology, Wave Energy
This research paper shows the beach segment-wise (viz., nearshore, surfing, sub-aerial, and backshore) textural characteristics and their impact on the formation of beach profiles. The grain size of the sediments is the most influential factor in the analysis of the geomorphological structure of sedimentation. The energy which is generated by waves and the grain size of sediments can change the structural pattern of the coastal beach. So it is obvious to study sedimentary textural distribution to know their influence on making coastal beaches. Through this research paper, the sedimentary textual distribution is analyzed and also gives their impact on beach shipping. Along longitudinal beach profile samples are collected. The work has been done based on the primary data source by using the field survey method. From this research work, it has been traced that beaches follow the concave pattern profile due to their fine sedimentary textural distribution. Consequently, the beaches of the Kanthi coast are dominantly facing the erosional configuration.
Abdulkarim, R., Akintoye, A., Oguwuike, I., Imhansoeleva, T., Philips, I., Ruth, F., … Banji, A. (2011). Sedimentological Variation in Beach Sediments of the Barrier Bar Lagoon Coastal System, South-Western Nigeria. Nature and Science, 9(9), 19-26.
Amalan, K., Ratnayake, A.S., Ratnayake, N.P., Weththasinghe, S.M., Dushyantha, N., Lakmali, N. & Premasiri, R. (2018). Influence of Nearshore Sediment Dynamics on the Distribution of Heavy Mineral Placer Deposits in Sri Lanka. Environ Earth Sci., (77), 737.
Baiyegunhi, C., Liu, K., & Gwavava, O. (2017). Grain Size Statistics and Depositional Pattern of The Ecca Group Sandstones, Karoo Super Group In The Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. De Gruyter Open, 9, 554-576.
Bergillos, R. J., Masselink, G. & Ortega-Sanchez, M. (2017). Coupling Cross-Shore and Longshore Sediment Transport to Model Storm Response along a Mixed Sand-Gravel Coast under Varying Wave Directions. Coastal Engineering, 129, 93–104.
Bramha, S., Mohanty, A., Samantara, M., Panigrahi, S. & Satpathy, K. (2017). Textural Characteristics of Beach Sediments along Kalpakkam, South East Coast of India. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences, 46 (8), 1562–1574.
Davidson – Arnott, R. (2010). An Introduction to Coastal Processes and Geomorphology, Cambridge University Press, UK.
Dora, G. U., Kumar, V. S., Philip, C. S., Johnson, G., Vinayaraj, P., & Gowthaman, R. (2011). Textural Characteristics of Foreshore Sediments along Karnataka Shoreline, West Coast of India. International Journal of Sediment Research, 26, 1–27.
Gunasinghe, G. P., Ratnayake, N. P., Ratnayake, A. S., Samaradivakara, G. V. I., Dushyantha, N. P., Jayaratne, R., Dinusha, K. A., & Silva, A. (2022). Monsoon-driven Geomorphological Changes Along the West coast of Sri Lanka: a Combined Approach Utilizing ‘CoastSat’ and Google Earth engine. Ocean Sci. J., 57, 475–492.
Gunasinghe, G. P., Ruhunage, L., Ratnayake, N.P., Ratnayake, A.S., Samaradivakara, G. V .I., & Jayaratne, R. (2021). Influence of Manmade Effects on Geomorphology, Bathymetry and Coastal Dynamics in a Monsoon-Affected River Outlet in Southwest Coast of Sri Lanka. Environ Earth Sci., 80, 1–16.
Herlekar, M. A., & Sukhtankar, R. K. (2011). Morphotectonic studies along the Part of Maharashtra Coast, India. International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 4(2), 61–83.
Hoque, M. A., Ahad, B. G., & Saleh, E. (2010). Hydrodynamics and Suspended Sediment Transport at Tidal Inlets of Salut Mengkabong Lagoon, Sabah, Malaysia. International Journal of Sediment Research, 25(4), 399–410.
Jana, S., & Paul, A. K. (2018). Genetical Classification of Deltaic and Non-Deltaic Sequences of Landforms of Subarnarekha Middle Course and Lower Course Sections in Odisha and Parts of West Bengal with Application of Geospatial Technology. Journal of Coastal Sciences, 5(1), 16-26.
Kamble, P. B. et al. (2022). Seasonal Variation in Textural Characteristics of Beach Sediments Along Sindhudurg Coast, Western Maharashtra, India: Implications on Depositional Environments. Journal of Geosciences Research, 7(1), 15-30.
Kulkarni, S. J., Deshbhandari, P. G., & Jayappa, K. S. (2015). Seasonal Variation in Textural Characteristics and Sedimentary Environments of Beach Sediments, Karnataka Coast, India. Aquatic Procedia, 4, 117-124.
Kumar, G., Ramanathan, A. L., & Rajkumar, K. (2010). Textural Characteristics of the Surface Sediments of a Tropical Mangrove Ecosystem Gulf of Kutch, Gujarat, India. Indian. Journal of Marine Science, 39, 415-422.
Lepesqueur J, Hostache R, Martinez-Carreras N, Montarges-Pelletier E, & Hissler C. (2019). Sediment Transport Modelling in Riverine Environments: on the Importance of Grain-Size Distribution, Sediment Density, and Suspended Sediment Concentrations at the Upstream Boundary. Hydrol Earth Syst. Sci., 23, 3901–3915.
Lopez, G. I. (2017). Grain Size Analysis. Encyclopedia of Earth Science Series, 341–348.
Mohanty, S., Adikaram, M., Sengupta, D., Madhubashini, N., Wijesiri, C., Adak, S., & Bera, B. (2023). Geochemical, Mineralogical and Textural Nature of Beach Placers, North-East Sri Lanka: Implications for Provenance and Potential Resource. Int. J. Sedim. Res., 38, 279–293.
Natesan, U., Deepthi, K., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2012). Textural and Depositional Processes of Surface Sediments of Kalpakkam. Southeast Coast of India, 6, 392–404.
Neelima, T., Noujas, V., Varghese, T. K., & Kurian, N. P. (2017). Coastal Morphology and Beach Stability along Thiruvananthapuram, South-West Coast of India. Natural Hazards, 90(3), 1177–1199.
Nugroho, S. H., & Putra, P. S. (2017). Spatial Distribution of Grain Size and Depositional Process in Tidal Area along Waikelo Beach, Sumba. Mar Georesour Geotechnol., 36, 299–307.
Nugroho, S. H. (2013). Geomorphological Condition, Surface Sediment and Human Activities in Marine Tourism Areas in Morella and Negeri Lima Villages, Ambon. Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia, 39, 263–76.
Nugroho, S. H., & Basit. A. (2014). Sediment Distribution Based on Grain Size Analyses in Weda Bay, Northern Maluku. Jumal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 6, 229–40.
Palamakumbure, L., Ratnayake, A. S., Premasiri, H. M. R., Ratnayake, N. P., Katupotha, J., Dushyantha, N., Weththasinghe, S., & Weerakoon, W. A. P. (2020). Sea-level Inundation and Risk Assessment along the South and Southwest Coasts of Sri Lanka. Geoenviron Disasters, 7, 1–9.
Parthasarathy, P. et al. (2016). Sediment Dynamics and Depositional Environment of Coleroon River Sediments, Tamilnadu, Southeast Coast of India. Journal of Coastal Science, 3(2), 1-7.
Pedrozo-Acuna, A., D. Resendiz, E. Mendoza, & Silva., R. (2012). The Foreshore Zone is Highly Dynamical, for the Sedimentary Process is Governed by Nearshore Hydrodynamics and Associated with Beach Morphology. Coastal Engineering Proceedings, 33, 12–15.
Pentney, R. M., & Dickson, M. E. (2012). Digital Grain Size Analysis of a Mixed Sand and Gravel Beach. Jour. Coastal Res., 279, 196–201.
Perera et al. (2023). Grain size Distribution of Modern Beach Sediments in Sri Lanka. Anthropocene Coasts, 6(10), 1-9.
Pradhan, U., Sahoo, R., Pradhan, S., Mohany, P., & Mishra, P. (2020). Textural Analysis of Coastal Sediments along East Coast of India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 95 (1), 67–74.
Rajganapathi, V., Jitheshkumar, N., Sundararajan, M., Bhat, K., & Velusamy, S. (2013). Grain Size Analysis and Characterization of Sedimentary Environment along Thiruchendur Coast, Tamilnadu, India. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 6 (12), 4717–4728.
Ratnayake, A. S., Ratnayake, N. P., Sampei, Y., Vijitha, A. V. P., & Jayamali, S. D. (2018). Seasonal and Tidal Influence for Water Quality Changes in Coastal Bolgoda Lake System, Sri Lanka. J. Coast Conserv., 22, 1191–1199.
Ratnayake, N. P., Ratnayake, A. S., Azoor, R. M., Weththasinghe, S. M., Seneviratne, I. D. J., Senarathne, N., Premasiri, R., & Dushyantha, N. (2019). Erosion Processes Driven by Monsoon Events after a Beach Nourishment and Breakwater Construction at Uswetakeiyawa Beach, Sri Lanka. SN Applied Sciences, 1, 1–11.
Ratnayake, A. S., & Perera, U. L. H. P. (2022). Coastal Zone Management in Sri Lanka: A Lesson after Recent Naval Accidents. Marine Poll. Bull., 182, 113994.
Vasudevan, S., Sajeev, R., & Ramakrishnan, R. (2023). Seasonal Variations in Textural Characteristics and Depositional Environment of Foreshore Sediments along Kerala Coast, India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 1-10.
Saengsupavanich, C., Pranzini, E., Ariffin, E. H., & Yun, L. S. (2023). Jeopardizing the Environment with Beach Nourishment. Sci. Total Environ., 868, 161485.
Saravanan, S., & Chandrasekar, N. (2010). Grain Size Analysis and Depositional Environment Condition along the Beaches between Ovari and Kanyakumari, Southern Tamilnadu Coast, India. Marine Georesources and Geotechnology, 28(4), 288–302.
Sharma, S., Kumar, V. S., & Gowthaman, R. (2016). Textural Characteristics and Morphosedimentary Environment of Foreshore Zone along Ganpatipule, Maharashtra, India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, DOI: 10.1080/1064119X.2016.1259697
Shinde, J. U. et al. (2020). Seasonal Variation in Textural Analysis of Coastal sediments Ratnagiri district, West Coast of Maharashtra, India: Implications on Depositional Sedimentary Environment. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 10(12), 1-9.
Siqueira-Silva, I. S., Arantes, M. O., Hackradt, C. W., & Schiavetti, A., (2020). Environmental and Anthropogenic Factors Affecting Nesting Site Selection by Sea Turtles. Marine Environ Res., 162, 105090. https:// doi. org/ 10. 1016/j. marenvres. 2020. 105090
Srivastava A. K., Ingle P. S., Lunge H. S., & Khare N. (2012). Grain-size Characteristics of Deposits Derived from Different Glacigenic Environments of the Schirmacher Oasis, East Antarctica. Geologos., 18(4), 251-266.
Srivastava A. K., Khare N., & Ingle P. S. (2010). Textural Characteristics, Distribution Pattern and Provenance of Heavy Minerals in Glacial Sediments of Schirmacher Oasis, East Antarctica. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 75, 393-402.
Suganraj, K. et al. (February, 2013). Grain Size Statistical Parameters of Coastal Sediments at Kameswaram Nagapattinam District, East Coast of Tamilnadu, India. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research, 4(2), 102-106.
Thakur, A. K., & Ojha, C. S. P. (2010). Variation of Turbidity During Subsurface Abstraction of River Water: A Case Study. International Journal of Sediment Research, 25(4), 355–365.
Venkatesan, S. et al. (2017). Transport Mechanism of Sediments near Sakkotai in Arasalar River, Thanjavur District, Tamilnadu Using Textural Characters. Journal of Coastal Sciences, 4(1), 1-5.
Venkatramanan, S., Ramkumar, T., Anithamary, I., & Ramesh, G. (2011). Variations in Texture of Beach Sediments in the Vicinity of the Tirumalairajanar River Mouth of India. Int. J. Sedim. Res., 26, 460–470.
Viveganandan, S., Lakshumanan, C., Sundararajan, M., Eswaramoorthi, S., & Natesan. U. (2013). Depositional Environment of Sediments along the Cuddalore Coast of Tamilnadu. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences, 42, 375–382.
Wachecka-Kotkowska, L., & Górska-Zabielska, M. (2011). Extent of the Middle Polish Glaciations (Saalian, MIS 6) in Central Poland on the basis of petrographic Analysis, Abstracts IAG/AIG Regional Conference ‘Geomorphology for Human Adaptation to Changing Tropical Environments, p. 161.
Wang Pang (2012). Principles of Sediment Transport Applicable in Tidal Environments. Principles of Tidal Sedimentology. Davis, R.A., Dalrymple, R.W. (Ed.)., 19-55.
Woodruff, J. D., Venti, N. L., Mabee, S. B., DiTroia, A. L., & Beach, D. (2021). Grain Size and Beach Face Slope on Paraglacial Beaches of New England, USA. & nbsp. Marine Geology, 438, 106527.
Yadhunath, E. M., Raju, N. S. N., Ganesan, P., Gowthaman, R., & Seelam, J. K. (2014). Sediment Characteristics at Intertidal Regions across Yarada Beach. East Coast of India, Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences, 43(7), 1196–1201.
Yun, L. S., Saengsupavanich, C., Ariffin, E. H., & Rashidi, A. H. M., (2023). The Morphodynamics of Wave on a Monsoon-Dominated Coasts: West Coast of GoT. Region Stud Marine Sci., 57, 102729.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Nayan Dey, Payel Das
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.