Review on Effects of Sowing Methods and Types of Inorganic Fertilizers on Growth Yield and Yield Component of TEFF [Eragrostis TEF (ZUCC.)
Keywords:Growth, Inorganic Fertilizer, Sowing Methods, Yield
Most farmers’ practices broadcast sowing methods and productivity is less. Soil fertility maintenance is a major concern in tropical Africa which needs to tackle soil fertility depletion as a fundamental constraint. Similarly, the traditional way of planting tef reduces the amount of grain production, promotes competition for inputs, and causes severe lodging. This paper aimed to review the interaction effects between seed sowing methods and different types of inorganic fertilizers on the growth and yield of teff. In Ethiopia, recent research indicates planting method (row planting and broadcasting) affects the yield and yield components of teff. The review indicates the yield components include heading and maturity, plant height, first growth rate, number of tiller and panicle, thousand seed weight, grain, straw, and total biomass yields and harvest index high in Method of Row sowing compared to broadcast in Ethiopia but Days to emergence and panicle length were more affected by broadcasting. In economical acceptance, Row sowing was found to be economically acceptable with more income from grain yield than broadcasting.
Alkamer, J. (1973). The fertilization of TEF. Journal of Associated Advanced Science, Africa (1):56-65.
Amare Hailesilasie, J.Priess, E.Veldcamp, Demil Teketay and J.P.Lesschen. (2005). Assessment of Soil Nutient Depletion and Its Spatial Variability on Smallholders’ Mixed Farming Systems in Ethiopia Using Partial Versus Full Nutrient Balances. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment, (108):1-16.
Asrat W. and Firew T. (2001). Utilization of tef in the Ethiopian diet. In: HailuTefera, Getachew Belay and Mark Sorrels (eds.). Narrowing the Rift: Tef Research and development. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Tef Genetics and Improvement, 16-19 October 2000, DebreZeit, Ethiopia, 239-244 .
AUA (Alemaya University of Agriculture). (1989). Annual Research Report. Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Centre, DebreZeit, Ethiopia.
Ball, B. C. (1996). Cereal Production with Broadcast Seed and Reduced Tillage Review of Recent Experimental and Farming Experience. J. Agri. Eng. Res., 35(2): 71-95.
Ballock, A.W., A.M. Soomro, M.A. Javed. (2002). Optimum Plant Density for High Yield in Rice (Oryza sativa L.). Asian Journal of Plant Science. 1(1): 25-27.
Barber, S.A. (1994). Soil Nutrient Bioavailability: A Mechanical Approach. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Bekele, E. (1985). A Review of Research on Diseases Of Barley, TEF, and Wheat in Ethiopia, p. 79-108. In: T. Abate (Ed.). A Review of Crop Protection Research in Ethiopia. Proc. First Ethiopian Crop Prod.Symp. Dept. Crop Protection, Inst. Agr. Res., Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Brady, N.C. and R.R. Weil. (2000). The Nature and Properties of Soils.13th ed. USA: Person Education Ltd.
Central Statistic Authority. (2010). Agricultural Sample Survey 2010/2011. Report on area and production for major crops (private peasant holdings Meher season), Addis Abeba, Ethiopia.
Chatterje, B.N. and S. Maite. (1985). Principles and Practices of Rice Growing, 2nd ed., New Delhi: Oxford and IBH publishing Co.
Cocucci. G.J. and H.V. Dallarosa. (1980). The Biology of Crop Productivity. San Francisco: Academic press London.
Debebe, A. (2005). Performance of F4 Progenies and Association among Yield and Yield Related Traits in TEF (Eragrostistef (Zucc) Trotter). Thesis. Ethiopia: Alemaya University.
Doris Piccinin, M.S.D. (2010). More about Ethiopian Food: Tef; Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Washington, America.
Epsien, E. (1992). Mineral nutrition of crops’ principles and perspectives. John and Sons, New York.
Evans, L.T. (1993). Crop evolution, adaptation and yield 1st ed. Cambridge University Press, New York, Port Chester. USA.
FAO. (2000). Fertilizers and Their use, 4th ed. International Fertilizer Industry Association. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy.
Fufa H., Tesfa B., Hailu T., Kibebew A., Aberra D., and Seyfu K. (2001). Agronomy research in tef. In: Hailu Tefera, Getachew Belay and Mark Sorrels (eds.). Narrowing the Rift: Tef Research and development. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Tef Genetics and Improvement, 16-19 October 2000, DebreZeit, Ethiopia,pp.239-244 .
Guitard, A.A., J.A. Newman and P.B. Hoyt. (1961). The influence of seeding rate on yield and yield components of wheat, oats and barley. Canadian Journal of plant Sciences 1751-758.
Hailu Tefera and Seyfu Ketema. (2001).. Production and importance of tef in Ethiopian Agriculture pp.3-7 In: HailuTefera , Getachew Belay and Mark Sorrels (eds.). Narrowing the Rift: Tef Research and development. Proceedings of International Workshop on Tef Genetics and Improvement, 16-17 October 2000. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Hanekluas, S. (2007). Handbook of plant nutrition. Tailor and Francis. Boca Ratton, FL 33487-2742, USA.
Hay, R.K.M and A.J. Walker. (1992). An Introduction to Physiology of Crop Yield. Longman Scientific and Technical. New York.
Hunt, D. (1999). Farm power and machinery management, 8th ed., Iowa State University Press, Ames.
Khurana, L. N., and C. Chatterjee. (2002). Low sulphur alters boron metabolism of mustard. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 25(3): 29-44.
Legesse Amsalu. (2004). Response of tef [Eragrostistef (Zucc.) Trotter] to applied nitrogen and phosphorus in Sirinka, North Eastern Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis, Alemaya University. 68p.
Mangel, K. and E.A.Kirkby. (1996). Principles of Plant Nutrition. Panama Publishing Corporation.
Miller, M. H. 1996. Effects of nitrogen on phosphorus absorption by plants.pp: 643-683. In: E.W.Carson(ed.). The plant root and its environment. Proc. Institute Southern Regional Educational Board. Virginia Polytechnique Institute and State.
Miller, R.W. and R.L. Donahue. (1995). Soils in Ours Environment (7th ed). Pretice, Hall Englewood cliffs, Newgersey.
Minale Liban, Alemayehu Asefa, Tilahun Tadesse and Abraham Marye. (2004). The response of tef nitrogen and phosphorus application at Bichena and Yilmana-Densa areas, North-western Ethiopia, Crop.
Mitiku Melaku. (2008). Effects of seeding and nitrogen rates on yield and yield components of tef [Eragrostistef (Zucc.) Trotter]. M.SC. Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.
Mortvedt, J.J., et al. (Eds.). (1991). Micronutrients in Agriculture. No.4. Soil Science of America, Madison, wisc.
Mulubrhan Haile. (2005). The effects of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium fertilization on the yield and yield components of Potato (SolanumtuberosumL.) grown on Vertisols of Mekelle area. M.Sc. Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
National Academy Press. (1996). Lost crops of Africa volume 1, Grains. BOSTID National Research Council. National Academy Press. Washington, D.C.
New Dalhi, India. Martin, A. P. (1993). Tropical soils and fertilizer use. Intermediate Tropical Agriculture Series. University of Nairobi, Kenya.
Robson, A.D. and M.G., Pitman. (1993). Interaction between nutrients in higher plants. A.Lauchli and R.L. Bielski (Eds.). In: Encyclopedia of plant physiology Pp: 147-180, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
Sanchez, P.A, Anne-Marie, I.I. Valencia and C.Pieri, 1996. Soil Fertility replenishment in Africa: A concept note. In: Proceeding of the workshop on developing African Agriculture: Achieving greater impact from research investments. September 26-30, 1995. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Science Society of Ethiopia (CSSE). (2004). Sebil. vol.10 Proceedings of the tenth conference, 19-21, June 2004, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Seyfu Ketema,1983. Studies of lodging floral biology and breeding techniques in tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter]. Ph.D Thesis. London University, UK.
Seyfu Ketema. (1993). Tef (Eragrostistef). Breeding, agronomy, genetic resources, utilization, and role in Ethiopian agriculture. Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
SeyfuKetema. 1997. Tef, [Eragrostistef(Zucc.) Trotter]. Promoting the conservation and use of Underutilized and neglected crops Biodiversity Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Stallknecht, G.F., K.M. Gilbertson and J.L. Eckhoff. (1993). Tef: Food crop for humans and animals. Pp.231-234. In: J.J.Janick and J.E. Simon (eds.), New crops. Wiley, New York.
Tekalign Mamo, Selamyihun Kidanu, Mesfin Abebe and Teklu Erkosa. (1996). Review of soil fertility studies on Tef: Experience of Alemaya University of Agriculture. Alemaya University of Agriculture, Ethiopia.
Temesgen Kassahun. (2001). Effect of sowing date and nitrogen fertilization on yield and related traits of tef [Eragrostistef(Zucc.) Trotter] on Vertisols of Kobo area, Northern Wollo. M.Sc. Thesis Alemaya University, Alemaya, Ethiopia. 50p.
Tilahun Gelato. (1994). The effect of nitrogen fertilizer sources rates and time of application on the nitrogen uptake, grain yield and yield components of wheat. M.Sc. Thesis, Alemaya University of Agriculture, Alemaya, Ethiopia.
Tisdale, S.L., W.L. Nelson, J.D. Beaton and J.L Havalin. (1993). Soil Fertility and Fertilizer. 5th ed. Macmillan, publishing company, USA. PP. 109-174.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Damte Balcha Gadana
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.