Climate is More Than Just Weather: Gap of Knowledge about Climate Change and Its Psychological Impacts among Indonesian Youth


  • Siti Jaro'ah Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Vania Ardelia Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Nurchayati Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Miftakhul Jannah Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia



Climate Anxiety, Climate change, Knowledge Gap, Psychological Impacts, Youthfulness


Climate change is an environmental threat in Indonesia, affecting not only physical and environmental but also psychological conditions. Youth are among the most vulnerable groups in society to the impacts of climate change. However, the attention and involvement of young people on climate change issues are minimal. This study aimed to determine the knowledge and sources of information about climate change, and the impacts of climate change on young people aged 15-29 years. A descriptive qualitative approach with open-ended questionnaires was used for the study with 107 participants. Findings revealed that young people equated climate change with changes in weather or seasons, and also the rising temperatures. Indonesia's climate is increasingly extreme, erratic, and hotter, leading to physical, psychological, and social impacts. Participants felt worried, scared, anxious, sad, angry, panicked, and confused as the psychological impacts of climate change. Surprisingly, instead of experiencing negative emotions, some participants felt nothing and expressed curiosity about climate change. The internet and social media are the main sources of information. Meanwhile, friends are the first option to talk about climate change. Results indicate that Indonesian youth have little understanding of climate change, but they are aware of the crisis. Further research on the psychological impacts of climate change is needed.


Download data is not yet available.


Ambarfebrianti, M., & Novianty, A. (2021). Hubungan orientasi nilai terhadap perilaku pro-lingkungan remaja. Jurnal Ecopsy, 8(2), 149.

Anderson, A. A. (2017). Effects of Social Media Use on Climate Change Opinion, Knowledge, and Behavior. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science.

Ariestya, A., & Paramitha, G. (2022). Climate change awareness of gen z: the influence of frame and jargon on online news. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi, 6(3), 753–770.

Arlinkasari, F., Caninsti, R., & Prasetya, M. A. (2018). Peran awareness of consequences terhadap perilaku pro-lingkungan pada warga Jakarta. JPSP: Jurnal Psikologi Sains Dan Profesi, 2(3), 235–241.

Arnett, J. J. (2014). Emerging adulthood: The winding road from the late teens through the twenties (2nd ed). Oxford University Press.

Baldwin, C., Pickering, G., & Dale, G. (2022). Knowledge and self-efficacy of youth to take action on climate change. Environmental Education Research, 0(0), 1–20.

Barford, A., Proefke, R., Mugeere, A., & Stocking, B. (2021). Young People and Climate Change.

Boluda-Verdú, I., Senent-Valero, M., Casas-Escolano, M., Matijasevich, A., & Pastor-Valero, M. (2022). Fear for the future: Eco-anxiety and health implications, a systematic review. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 84(101904), 1–17.

Bourque, F., & Willox, A. C. (2014). Climate change: The next challenge for public mental health? International Review of Psychiatry, 26(4), 415–422.

Burrows, K., Pelupessy, D. C., Khoshnood, K., & Bell, M. L. (2021). Environmental displacement and mental well-being in Banjarnegara, Indonesia. Environmental Health Perspectives, 129(11), 1–13.

Chan, E. Y. Y., Ho, J. Y., Hung, H. H. Y., Liu, S., & Lam, H. C. Y. (2019). Health impact of climate change in cities of middle-income countries: The case of China. British Medical Bulletin, 130(1), 5–24.

Cianconi, P., Betrò, S., & Janiri, L. (2020). The Impact of Climate Change on Mental Health: A Systematic Descriptive Review. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11(74), 1–15.

Clayton, S. (2021). Climate change and mental health. Current Environmental Health Reports, 8, 1–6.

Clayton, S., & Manning, C. (2018). Psychology and climate change: Human perceptions, impacts, and responses. Academic Press.

Clayton, S., Pihkala, P., Wray, B., & Marks, E. (2023). Psychological and emotional responses to climate change among young people worldwide: Differences associated with gender, age, and country. Sustainability, 15(3540), 1–12.

Coffey, Y., Bhullar, N., Durkin, J., Islam, M. S., & Usher, K. (2021). Understanding eco-anxiety: A systematic scoping review of current literature and identified knowledge gaps. The Journal of Climate Change and Health, 3(100047), 1–7.

Corner, A., Roberts, O., Chiari, S., Völler, S., Mayrhuber, E. S., Mandl, S., & Monson, K. (2015). How do young people engage with climate change? The role of knowledge, values, message framing, and trusted communicators. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 6(5), 523–534.

Diffey, J., Wright, S., Uchendu, J. O., Masithi, S., Olude, A., Juma, D. O., Anya, L. H., Salami, T., Mogathala, P. R., Agarwal, H., Roh, H., Aboy, K. V., Cote, J., Saini, A., Mitchell, K., Kleczka, J., Lobner, N. G., Ialamov, L., Borbely, M., … Lawrance, E. (2022). “Not about us without us”–the feelings and hopes of climate-concerned young people around the world. International Review of Psychiatry, 34(5), 499–509.

Dodds, J. (2021). The psychology of climate anxiety. BJPsych Bulletin, 45(4), 222–226.

Galway, L. P., & Field, E. (2023). Climate emotions and anxiety among young people in Canada: A national survey and call to action. The Journal of Climate Change and Health, 9(100204), 1–8.

Godden, N. J., Farrant, B. M., Yallup Farrant, J., Heyink, E., Carot Collins, E., Burgemeister, B., Tabeshfar, M., Barrow, J., West, M., Kieft, J., Rothwell, M., Leviston, Z., Bailey, S., Blaise, M., & Cooper, T. (2021). Climate change, activism, and supporting the mental health of children and young people: Perspectives from Western Australia. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 57(11), 1759–1764.

Gulzar, A., Islam, T., Gulzar, R., & Hassan, T. (2021). Climate change and impacts of extreme events on human health: An overview. Indonesian Journal of Social and Environmental Issues (IJSEI), 2(1), 68–77.

Gunasiri, H., Wang, Y., Watkins, E. M., Capetola, T., Henderson-Wilson, C., & Patrick, R. (2022). Hope, coping and eco-anxiety: Young people’s mental health in a climate-impacted Australia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(5528), 1–12.

Hickman, C., Marks, E., Pihkala, P., Clayton, S., Lewandowski, R. E., Mayall, E. E., Wray, B., Mellor, C., & van Susteren, L. (2021). Climate anxiety in children and young people and their beliefs about government responses to climate change: a global survey. The Lancet Planetary Health, 5(12), e863–e873.

Kricorian, K., & Turner, K. (2022). Climate change and eco-anxiety in the US: Predictors, correlates, and potential solutions. MedRxiv, [Preprint].

Kurth, C., & Pihkala, P. (2022). Eco-anxiety: What it is and why it matters. Frontiers in Psychology, 13(981814), 1–13.

Lee, K., Gjersoe, N., O’Neill, S., & Barnett, J. (2020). Youth perceptions of climate change: A narrative synthesis. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 11(3), 1–24.

Lee, T. M., Markowitz, E. M., Howe, P. D., Ko, C. Y., & Leiserowitz, A. A. (2015). Predictors of public climate change awareness and risk perception around the world. Nature Climate Change, 5(11), 1014–1020.

Maran, D. A., & Begotti, T. (2021). Media exposure to climate change, anxiety, and efficacy beliefs in a sample of Italian University students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(9358), 1–11.

Meierrieks, D. (2021). Weather shocks, climate change and human health. World Development, 138, 105228.

Morgan, D. L., & Nica, A. (2020). Iterative thematic inquiry: A new method for analyzing qualitative data. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 19, 1–11.

Nadarajah, K., David, J.-C., Brun, L., Bordel, S., Moyon, L., Le Foll, D., Delouvée, S., & Somat, A. (2022). “We Are Running Out of Time”: Temporal Orientation and Information Seeking as Explanatory Factors of Climate Anxiety among Young People. Psych, 4(3), 560–573.

Ojala, M., & Lakew, Y. (2017). Young People and Climate Change Communication. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science (Issue March).

Palupi, T., & Sawitri, D. R. (2017). Hubungan antara sikap dengan perilaku pro-lingkungan ditinjau dari perspektif theory of planned behavior relationship between attitude and pro-environmental behavior from the perspective of theory of planned behavior. Proceeding Biology Education Conference, 14(1), 214–217.

Parry, S., McCarthy, S. R., & Clark, J. (2021). Young people’s engagement with climate change issues through digital media – a content analysis. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 27.

Quiroga, S. R. (2022). Eco-anxiety , uncertainty , communication and climate urgency. International Journal of Global Science Research, 9(1), 1733–1745.

Rifayanti, R., Saputri, A., Arake, A. K., & Astuti, W. (2019). Peran Role Model Dalam Membentuk Perilaku Pro-Lingkungan. Psikostudia : Jurnal Psikologi, 7(2), 12.

Schwartz, S. E. O., Benoit, L., Clayton, S., Parnes, M. K. F., Swenson, L., & Lowe, S. R. (2022). Climate change anxiety and mental health: Environmental activism as buffer. Current Psychology.

Sulistyawati, S., Mulasari, S. A., & Sukesi, T. W. (2018). Assessment of knowledge regarding climate change and health among adolescents in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2018.

Thomas, I., Martin, A., Wicker, A., & Benoit, L. (2022). Understanding youths ’ concerns about climate change : a cross-cultural qualitative study of a generation ’ s ecological burden and resilience. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 16(110), 1–13.

UNICEF. (2021). The climate crisis is a childs rights crisis: Introducing the children’s climate risk index. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

Wani, K. A., & Ariana, L. (2018). Impact of climate change on indigenous people and adaptive capacity of bajo tribe, Indonesia. Environmental Claims Journal, 30(4), 302–313.

Weber, E. U. (2010). What shapes perceptions of climate change? Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 1(3), 332–342.

WHO. (2014). Gender, climate change and health. World Health Organization.

World Bank Group, & Asian Development Bank. (2021). Climate risk country profile: Indonesia. World Bank Publications.



How to Cite

Jaro’ah, S., Ardelia, V., Nurchayati, & Jannah, M. (2023). Climate is More Than Just Weather: Gap of Knowledge about Climate Change and Its Psychological Impacts among Indonesian Youth. Indonesian Journal of Social and Environmental Issues (IJSEI), 4(2), 160-170.