A Long-Standing Problem: A Review on the Solid Waste Management in the Philippines


  • Ericson E. Coracero Department of Forestry and Environmental Sciences, Aurora State College of Technology, Philippines
  • RB J. Gallego Department of Graduate Studies, Aurora State College of Technology, Philippines
  • Kristine Joy M. Frago College Laboratory, Aurora State College of Technology, Philippines
  • Ruel Joseph R. Gonzales Scholarship Unit, Aurora State College of Technology, Philippines




Good Governance, Solid Waste Management, Waste Disposal


Solid waste management is considered a pressing global issue calling for an immediate response from the government and its people. The Philippines has a continuously rising amount of waste and is expected to further increase in the succeeding years. As reviewed, associated problems with solid waste management in the country include an increasing amount of solid waste, weak law implementation, scarcity of sanitary landfills, and improper disposal. The ultimate solution existing in the country is the RA 9003 or the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 which highlights the practices of segregation, proper disposal, and waste diversion. The importance of envisioning a trash-free Philippines and encouraging people’s participation and awareness is also emphasized. Another possible solution to solid waste management is valorization which can also address other environmental problems such as the depletion of natural resources. These solutions enumerated will only be possible with the presence of good governance, active participation of the people of the country, and the cooperation of all constituents and agencies in the Philippines.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdel-Shafy, H. & Mansour, M. (2018). Solid waste issue: Sources, composition, disposal, recycling, and valorization. Egyptian Journal of Petroleum. 27. 1275-1290.

Addink, G. (2017). Good Governance: Importance in Practice, Theories, and Definitions. Halu Oleo Law Review. 1 (1). pp. 1-32.

Aquino, A., Derequito, J., &Festejo-Abeleda, M. (2013). Ecological Solid Waste Management Act: Environmental Protection through Proper Solid Waste Practice. FFTC Agricultural Policy Platform.


Arancon, R., Lin, C., Chan, K., Kwan, T., &Luque, R. (2013). Advances on waste valorization: new horizons for a more sustainable society. Energy Science and Engineering, 1(2), pp. 53–71.

Atienza, V. (2008). A Breakthrough in Solid Waste Management through Participation and Community Mobilization: The Experience of Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines.

Atienza, V. (2011). Review of Waste Management System in the Philippines: Initiatives to Promote Waste Segregation and Recycling through Good Governance. Economic Integration and Recycling in Asia: An Interim Report. ChosakenkyuHokokusho, Institute of Developing Economies.

Castillo, A. &Otoma, S. (2013). Status of Solid Waste Management in the Philippines. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of Japan Society of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 24, The 24th Annual Conference of Japan Society of Material Cycles and Waste Management, Session ID FA-8, 677-678.

CNN Philippines. (2020). DENR: 300 more sanitary landfills built by 2022.


DENR. (n.d.). Trash-free Philippines.


Department of Environment and Natural Resources. (2018). National Solid Waste Management Status Report [2008 - 2018].


Department of Environment and Natural Resources. (2019). Denr Sues Local Officials Over Illegal Dumpsite Operations.


Environmental Management Bureau – CALABARZON. (2020). Solid Waste Management Section.


Garcia, P. (2019). Don’t burn garbage, waste in the open, EcoWaste Coalition warns public. Manilla Bulletin.


Henam, S. &Sambyal, S.S. (2019). Ten zero-waste cities: How Malabon in the Philippines took on the challenge of waste.


Hoornweg, D. &Bhada-Tata, P. (2012). What a waste: a global review of solid waste management. Urban Development Series Knowledge Paper. 15. 87-88.

Industry Dive. (2020). World Bank: Global waste generation could increase 70% by 2050. https://www.wastedive.com/news/world-bank-global-waste-generation-2050/533031/.

Japan International Cooperation Agency. (2008). The Study on Recycling Industry Development in the Republic of the Philippines Final Report (Summary). https://openjicareport.jica.go.jp/pdf/11882396.pdf.

Larracas, A. & GAIA. (n.d.). Zero Waste from Dream to Reality in the Philippines. https://www.no-burn.org/zero-waste-from-dream-to-reality-in-the-philippines/.

Martinez, C. (2021). DENR: Strong collab with SLF operators to improve PH solid waste management. https://www.denr.gov.ph/images/DENR_News_Alerts/DENR_News_Alerts_26_January_2021_Tuesday.pdf.

Maskey, B., Maharjan, K., & Singh, M. (2016). Ecological Solid Waste Management Act and Factors Influencing Solid WasteManagement in Barangay Pansol of Quezon City, the Philippines. Journal of International Development and Cooperation, 22 (1 & 2), 37-45.

Mishra A., Mishra, S., & Tiwari, A. (2014). Solid Waste Management - Case Study. International Journal of Research in Advent Technology. 2 (1). 396 - 399.

Ng, J. (2012). Trash generated by PH cities to increase by 165% in 2025 - WB. ABS-CBN News.


Reyes, V. (2016). Dysfunctional bureaucracy, corruption and weak rule of law: A case study of policy implementation in the Philippines. The Role of the Public Bureaucracy in Policy Implementation in Five ASEAN Countries (Integration through Law:The Role of Law and the Rule of Law in ASEAN Integration, 233-296). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Romero, P. (2020). Phl Facing Garbage Crisis; 16.6 Million Metric Tons Of Waste This Year Can Fill 99 Philippine Arenas. One News PH. https://www.onenews.ph/phl-facing-garbage-crisis-16-6-million-metric-tons-of-waste-this-year-can-fill-99-philippine-arenas.

Ruiz, E. (2020). DENR: PH lacks sanitary landfills with only 108 nationwide. Manilla Bulletin. https://mb.com.ph/2020/02/03/denr-ph-lacks-sanitary-landfills-with-only-108-nationwide/.

Sapuay, G. (2016). Resource Recovery through RDF: Current Trends in Solid Waste Management in the Philippines. Procedia Environmental Sciences. 35. 464-473.

Senate Economic Planning Office. (2017). Philippine Solid Wastes at a Glance. http://legacy.senate.gov.ph/publications/SEPO/AAG_Philippine%20Solid%20Wastes_Nov2017.pdf.

Schultz, P., Bator, R., Large, L., Bruni, C., & Tabanico, J. (2013). Littering in Context Personal and Environmental Predictors of Littering Behavior. Environment and Behavior. 45. 35-59.

Singh, J., Laurenti, R., Sinha, R., &Frostell, B. (2014). Progress and challenges to the globalwaste management system. Waste Management and Research. 32 (9). 800 - 812.

Team Linchpin. (2020). Trends Transforming The Waste Management Industry in 2021. Market Trends & Free Reports.


Teves, C. (2018). Solving garbage problem starts at home: Cimatu. Philippine News Agency. https://www.pna.gov.ph/articles/1053644#:~:text=MANILA%20%2D%2D%20Environment%20Secretary%20Roy,woes%20can%20start%20at%20home.&text=He%20believes%20that%20families%20can,trash%20and%20refraining%20from%20littering.

The Environmental Literacy Council. (2015). What is Waste?.


World Bank. (2009). The Philippines: Country Environmental Analysis. Sustainable Development Department, East Asia and Pacific Region. Washington D.C.: World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/3178/523890PH0white101OFFICIAL0USE0ONLY1.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y.

World Bank. (2018). What a Waste: An Updated Look into the Future of Solid Waste Management. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/immersive-story/2018/09/20/what-a-waste-an-updated-look-into-the-future-of-solid-waste-management.

World Bank. (2020). Trends in Solid Waste Management. https://datatopics.worldbank.org/what-a-waste/trends_in_solid_waste_management.html.



How to Cite

Coracero, E. E., Gallego, R. J., Frago, K. J. M., & Gonzales, R. J. R. (2021). A Long-Standing Problem: A Review on the Solid Waste Management in the Philippines. Indonesian Journal of Social and Environmental Issues (IJSEI), 2(3), 213-220. https://doi.org/10.47540/ijsei.v2i3.144




Most read articles by the same author(s)