Potential Utilization of Plastic River Debris as Electricity Power Plant in Jakarta, Indonesia


  • Mega Mutiara Sari Department of Environmental Engineering, Universitas Pertamina, Indonesia
  • Takanobu Inoue Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, Japan
  • Regil Kentaurus Harryes Faculty of Vocational Studies, Indonesia Defense University, Indonesia
  • Kuriko Yokota Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, Japan
  • Iva Yenis Septiariva Study Program of Civil Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia
  • Sapta Suhardono Department of Environmental Engineering, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
  • Ika Bagus Priyambada Department of Environmental Engineering, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
  • Shigeru Kato Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, Japan
  • Suprihanto Notodarmojo Department of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia
  • I Wayan Koko Suryawan Department of Environmental Engineering, Universitas Pertamina, Indonesia




Energy Recovery, Environmentally Friendly, River Debris, Waste Management


River debris is the main problem from the negative impact of poor waste management. The composition of river debris in Jakarta consists mostly of plastic waste. Plastic waste from river debris has an opportunity for energy recovery. This study aimed to see the potential for utilizing river debris in energy recovery in power plants. This research was conducted at three sampling shelter points in Pesing, Pluit, and Perintis. Waste generation and composition were quantified using the load count method on Indonesian state standards for seven consecutive days. River debris generation in Pesing, Pluitm, and Pernting averaged 7.2; 3; and 1.8 tons/day. More than 60% (w/w) of plastic bag waste was found in the Pesing and Pluit shelters, while 67.3% was found in the Perintis shelter. Based on the calorific value of each plastic waste, the energy potential from plastic waste recovery can reach 16,197,109 kWh/year. This is equivalent to an electricity supply of 0.05% of the total electricity demand in Jakarta.


Download data is not yet available.


Chen, H. L., Nath, T. K., Chong, S., Foo, V., Gibbins, C., & Lechner, A. M. (2021). The plastic waste problem in Malaysia: management, recycling and disposal of local and global plastic waste. SN Applied Sciences, 3(4), 437.

Cheong, W. L., Chan, Y. J., Tiong, T. J., Chong, W. C., Kiatkittipong, W., Kiatkittipong, K., Mohamad, M., Daud, H., Suryawan, I. W., Sari, M. M., & Lim, J. W. (2022). Anaerobic Co-Digestion of Food Waste with Sewage Sludge: Simulation and Optimization for Maximum Biogas Production. In Water (Vol. 14, Issue 7).

Chitaka, T. Y., & von Blottnitz, H. (2019). Accumulation and characteristics of plastic debris along five beaches in Cape Town. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 138, 451–457.

Clayton, C. A., Walker, T. R., Bezerra, J. C., & Adam, I. (2021). Policy responses to reduce single-use plastic marine pollution in the Caribbean. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 162, 111833.

Damanhuri, E., & Padmi, T. (2015). Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu Edisi Kedua. ITB.

Dwivedi, P., Mishra, P. K., Mondal, M. K., & Srivastava, N. (2019). Non-biodegradable polymeric waste pyrolysis for energy recovery. Heliyon, 5(8), e02198.

Faraca, G., & Astrup, T. (2019). Plastic waste from recycling centres: Characterisation and evaluation of plastic recyclability. Waste Management, 95, 388–398.

Gasim, M. F., Choong, Z.-Y., Koo, P.-L., Low, S.-C., Abdurahman, M.-H., Ho, Y.-C., Mohamad, M., Suryawan, I. W., Lim, J.-W., & Oh, W.-D. (2022). Application of Biochar as Functional Material for Remediation of Organic Pollutants in Water: An Overview. In Catalysts (Vol. 12, Issue 2).

Gopinath, K. P., Nagarajan, V. M., Krishnan, A., & Malolan, R. (2020). A critical review on the influence of energy, environmental and economic factors on various processes used to handle and recycle plastic wastes: Development of a comprehensive index. Journal of Cleaner Production, 274, 123031.

Kabirifar, K., Mojtahedi, M., Wang, C., & Tam, V. W. Y. (2020). Construction and demolition waste management contributing factors coupled with reduce, reuse, and recycle strategies for effective waste management: A review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 263, 121265.

Kandziora, J. H., van Toulon, N., Sobral, P., Taylor, H. L., Ribbink, A. J., Jambeck, J. R., & Werner, S. (2019). The important role of marine debris networks to prevent and reduce ocean plastic pollution. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 141(July 2018), 657–662.

Kazemi, M., Faisal Kabir, S., & Fini, E. H. (2021). State of the art in recycling waste thermoplastics and thermosets and their applications in construction. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 174, 105776.

Khajuria, V., Chowdhary, S., Roshi, Gupta, S., & Rani, N. (2017). Evaluation of adherence to RIC standards for plastic packing of liquid pharmaceutical medications. JK Science, 18 (4), 252–254.

Klemeš, J. J., Fan, Y. Van, & Jiang, P. (2021). Plastics: friends or foes? The circularity and plastic waste footprint. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, 43(13), 1549–1565.

Koko, I. W., Lim, J., Surya, B., Yenis, I., Sari, N. K., Sari, M. M., Zahra, N. L., Qonitan, F. D., & Sarwono, A. (2022). Effect of sludge sewage quality on heating value : case study in Jakarta , Indonesia. Desalination and Water Treatment, 28071, 1–8.

Kubota, R., Horita, M., & Tasaki, T. (2020). Integration of community-based waste bank programs with the municipal solid-waste-management policy in Makassar, Indonesia. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 22(3), 928–937.

Kumar, A., Dash, S. K., Ahamed, M. S., & Lingfa, P. (2020). Study on Conversion Techniques of Alternative Fuels from Waste Plastics BT - Energy Recovery Processes from Wastes (S. K. Ghosh (ed.); pp. 213–224). Springer Singapore.

Lebreton, L., & Andrady, A. (2019). Future scenarios of global plastic waste generation and disposal. Palgrave Communications, 5(1), 6.

Lombardi, L., Carnevale, E., & Corti, A. (2015). A review of technologies and performances of thermal treatment systems for energy recovery from waste. Waste Management, 37, 26–44.

Miladinova, S., Macias, D., Stips, A., & Garcia-Gorriz, E. (2020). Identifying distribution and accumulation patterns of floating marine debris in the Black Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 153, 110964.

Mongtoeun, Y. (2019). Household Solid Waste Generation and Socioeconomic Factors in the Capital City of CAMBODIA. International Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources, 20(1), 1–4.

Murakami, S., Terazono, A., Abe, N., Moriguchi, Y., & Miyakawa, H. (2006). Material flows of end-of-life home appliances in Japan. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 8(1), 46–55.

Nadyanti Ivonie, R., Mardiastuti, A., & Aulia Rahman, D. (2020). Proposed classification of waste that landed on small island in Indonesia for the conservation of waterbird. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 528(1), 12012.

Nugraha, A., Sutjahjo, S. H., & Amin, A. A. (2018). Perception and Participation on the Household Waste Management through in South Jakarta. Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, 8(1), 7–14.

Pawar, A., Panwar, N. L., & Salvi, B. L. (2020). Comprehensive review on pyrolytic oil production, upgrading and its utilization. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 22(6), 1712–1722.

Qodriyatun, S. N. (2021). Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Sampah: Antara Permasalahan Lingkungan dan Percepatan Pembangunan Energi Terbarukan. Aspirasi: Jurnal Masalah-Masalah Sosial, 12(1), 63–84.

Rahmalia, I., Oktiviani, N. Y., Kahalnashiri, F. S., Ulhasanah, N., & Suryawan, I. W. K. (2022). Pengelolaan Limbah Alat Pelindung Diri (APD) di Daerah Jakarta Barat Berbasis Smart Infectious Waste Bank (SIWAB). Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, 20(1), 91–101.

Raksasat, R., Kiatkittipong, K., Kiatkittipong, W., Wong, C. Y., Lam, M. K., Ho, Y. C., Oh, W. Da, Suryawan, I. W. K., & Lim, J. W. (2021). Blended sewage sludge–palm kkernel expeller to enhance the palatability of black soldier fly larvae for biodiesel production. Processes, 9(2).

Richards, Z. T., & Beger, M. (2011). A quantification of the standing stock of macro-debris in Majuro lagoon and its effect on hard coral communities. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 62(8), 1693–1701.

Safira, R. H., Sari, M. M., Notodarmojo, S., Inoue, T., & Harryes, R. K. (2021). Potential Utilization Analysis of River Waste in Jakarta, Indonesia. Geosfera Indonesia, 6(2), 157–172.

Sari, M. M., Andarani, P., Notodarmojo, S., Harryes, R. K., Nguyen, M. N., Yokota, K., & Inoue, T. (2022). Plastic pollution in the surface water in Jakarta, Indonesia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 182, 114023.

Sari, M. M., Inoue, T., Harryes, R. K., Suryawan, I. W. K., & Yokota, K. (2022). Potential of Recycle Marine Debris in Pluit Emplacement , Jakarta to Achieve Sustainable Reduction of Marine Waste Generation. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, 17(1), 119–125.

Sarwono, A., Septiariva, I. Y., Qonitan, F. D., Zahra, N. L., Sari, N. K., Fauziah, E. N., Ummatin, K. K., Amoa, Q., Faria, N., Wei, L. J., & Suryawan, I. W. K. (2021). Refuse Derived Fuel for Energy Recovery by Thermal Processes. A Case Study in Depok City, Indonesia. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 88(1), 12–23.

Schwarz, A. E., Ligthart, T. N., Boukris, E., & van Harmelen, T. (2019). Sources, transport, and accumulation of different types of plastic litter in aquatic environments: A review study. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 143, 92–100.

Septiariva, I. Y., Suryawan, I. W. K., Zahra, N. L., Nabila, Y., Putri, K., Sarwono, A., Qonitan, F. D., & Lim, J. W. (2022). Characterization Sludge from Drying Area and Sludge Drying Bed in Sludge Treatment Plant Surabaya City for Waste to Energy Approach. Journal of Ecological Engineering, 23(4), 268–275.

Shuker, I. G., & Cadman, C. A. (2018). Indonesia - Marine debris hotspot rapid assessment : synthesis report.

Sulistiawati, L. Y., & Eisma-Osorio, R.-L. (2021). Marine Plastic Pollution and the Rule of Law.

Suryawan, I. W. K., Septiariva, I. Y., Fauziah, E. N., Ramadan, B. S., Qonitan, F. D., Zahra, N. L., Sarwono, A., Sari, M. M., Ummatin, K. K., & Wei, L. J. (2022). Municipal solid waste to energy : palletization of paper and garden waste into refuse derived fuel. Journal of Ecological Engineering, 23(4), 64–74.

Sutanto, R. (2021). The Influence of Pirolysis Process Time on the Quality of Horse Feses Bioarang Brickets. 6(2), 17–19.

Taryono, Pe, E. O. L., Wardiatno, Y., & Mashar, A. (2020). Macroplastic distribution, abundance, and composition which flows to Cimandiri estuary, West Java. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 420(1), 12031.

van Emmerik, T., Loozen, M., van Oeveren, K., Buschman, F., & Prinsen, G. (2019). Riverine plastic emission from Jakarta into the ocean. Environmental Research Letters, 14(8), 84033.

van Emmerik, T., Tramoy, R., van Calcar, C., Alligant, S., Treilles, R., Tassin, B., & Gasperi, J. (2019). Seine Plastic Debris Transport Tenfolded During Increased River Discharge. In Frontiers in Marine Science (Vol. 6).

van Truong, N., & beiPing, C. (2019). Plastic marine debris: sources, impacts and management. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 76(6), 953–973.

van Voorst, R., & Hellman, J. (2015). One Risk Replaces Another: Floods, Evictions and Policies on Jakarta’s Riverbanks. Asian Journal of Social Science, 43(6), 786–810.

Vince, J., & Stoett, P. (2018). From problem to crisis to interdisciplinary solutions: Plastic marine debris. Marine Policy, 96, 200–203.

Walther, B. A., Kunz, A., & Hu, C.-S. (2018). Type and quantity of coastal debris pollution in Taiwan: A 12-year nationwide assessment using citizen science data. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 135, 862–872.

Zahra, N. L., Septiariva, I. Y., Sarwono, A., Qonitan, F. D., Sari, M. M., Gaina, P. C., Ummatin, K. K., Arifianti, Q. A. M. O., Faria, N., Lim, J.-W., Suhardono, S., & Suryawan, I. W. K. (2022). Substitution garden and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic waste as refused derived fuel (RDF). International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 11(2), 523–532.



How to Cite

Sari, . M. M. ., Inoue, T. ., Harryes, R. K. ., Yokota, K. ., Septiariva, I. Y. ., Suhardono, S. ., Priyambada, I. B. ., Kato, S. ., Notodarmojo, S. ., & Suryawan, I. W. K. (2022). Potential Utilization of Plastic River Debris as Electricity Power Plant in Jakarta, Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Social and Environmental Issues (IJSEI), 3(2), 128-134. https://doi.org/10.47540/ijsei.v3i2.602