Farmer Adaptation Strategy to Their Environment in the Village of Makoro Binongko Wakatobi


  • Darmin Tuwu Department of Social Welfare Halu Oleo University, Indonesia
  • Supriyono Department of Social Welfare Halu Oleo University, Indonesia
  • Muh. Arsyad Department of Sociology Halu Oleo University, Indonesia



Adaptation Strategies, Environment, Clove Farmers


This study aims to determine the adaptation strategies of farmers to their environment in Makoro Village, Binongko District, Wakatobi Regency. This research is qualitative research with the technique of determining informants by purposive sampling. Data collection techniques through observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation. Analysis techniques are the data collected selectively separated, processing by editing process and analyzing the data that has been obtained descriptively. The results showed that the farmers' adaptation strategy to their environment was carried out through First, the strategy of tying the belt tighter or the strategy of self-limiting, ie the farmers did a strategy by eating once a day; Second, alternative subsistence strategies, where farmers and farmer families do odd jobs or become casual workers, such as fishing, digging wells, helping people package ice cubes for fish sent to Bau-Bau City, burning charcoal after it is sold to blacksmiths, selling wood, taking stones and sand, and making machetes and knives for sale; and Third, the strategy to build relationships, where farmers build a lot of networks with institutions outside the family environment. If they are in trouble then this network can be used to overcome various existing problems such as building relationships with relatives, village friends, or influential people in the village.


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How to Cite

Tuwu, D., Supriyono, & Arsyad, M. (2021). Farmer Adaptation Strategy to Their Environment in the Village of Makoro Binongko Wakatobi. Indonesian Journal of Social and Environmental Issues (IJSEI), 2(1), 7-13.